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Proceedings Paper

Measurement of lens focal length using multicurvature analysis of Shack-Hartmann wavefront data
Author(s): Daniel R. Neal; R. James Copland; David A. Neal; Daniel M. Topa; Phillip Riera
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Paper Abstract

The lens is one of the most commonly used optical elements. Yet it is sometimes difficult to make accurate effective focal length and pupil position measurements, especially for long focal length lenses. Many measurement methods rely on a mechanical measurement to determine the back focal length, or may require careful operator discrimination in determining the best focus position. Aberrations may confuse an automatic focal length measurement system. However, an accurate determination of the optical properties of a lens is often critical for building an accurate system model. We have developed a method for measurement of the focal length, pupil plane and collimation positions of positive lenses using a Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor. The SHWFS uses a micro-optic lens array to separate the incoming wavefront into a pattern of focal spots. The position of these focal spots is related to the local wavefront slope. Wavefront reconstruction allows the complete incident wavefront to be retrieved. A Zernike decomposition reconstructor is used to separate the effects of lens focal power from other aberrations. The lens under test is illuminated by a point source on a computer-controlled stage. The transmitted wavefront was recorded by the SHWFS while the source was translated over a few mm range. By analyzing the Zernike coefficient associated with defocus, we were able to extract the focal length, pupil plane and collimation positions using a least squares fitting procedure. This procedure was tested for a variety of lenses of varying focal lengths, from 10 to 1000 mm focal length, and showed excellent repeatability and accuracy. These measurements were compared to knife-edge, manufacturer’s specification, and ray-tracing analysis for verification testing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 October 2004
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5523, Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering V, (14 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.561772
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel R. Neal, WaveFront Sciences, Inc. (United States)
R. James Copland, WaveFront Sciences, Inc. (United States)
David A. Neal, WaveFront Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Daniel M. Topa, WaveFront Sciences, Inc. (United States)
Phillip Riera, WaveFront Sciences, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5523:
Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering V
Pantazis Z. Mouroulis; Warren J. Smith; R. Barry Johnson, Editor(s)

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