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Proceedings Paper

Polarized photoluminescence of highly oriented poly(p-phenylene-vinylene)
Author(s): Cesare Soci; Davide Comoretto; Franco Marabelli; Daniel Moses
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Paper Abstract

We report on the anisotropic photoluminescence (PL) properties of stretch-oriented free standing films of poly(p-phenylene-vinylene) (PPV) at different temperatures. The PL quantum efficiency is strongly dependent on the pump polarization; it is higher when the pump is polarized perpendicularly to the polymer chain orientation. Independently of the pump polarization, we find that the PL emission spectra are mainly polarized along the polymer chain axis. The PL spectra show high-energy features, close to the onset of the HOMO-LUMO transition, that are significantly affected by self-absorption of the emitted light in the optically thick samples as well as by refractive effects at the polymer-air interface. In order to clarify the origin of these features, we have made a detailed characterization of the anisotropic optical constants of the PPV film. The optical constants have been derived from polarized reflectance and transmittance measurements and were used for the renormalisation of the PL spectra using the Fresnel equations. Frank-Condon analysis for the absorption oscillator strength and for the corrected emission spectra suggests that two different emitting states contribute to the optical properties. The connection of these states with film morphology and intermolecular interactions is described.

Paper Details

Date Published: 15 October 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5517, Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials IV, (15 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.560121
Show Author Affiliations
Cesare Soci, INFM, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy)
Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)
Davide Comoretto, INFM, Univ. degli Studi di Genova (Italy)
Franco Marabelli, INFM, Univ. degli Studi di Pavia (Italy)
Daniel Moses, Univ. of California/Santa Barbara (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5517:
Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials IV
Robert A. Norwood; Manfred Eich; Mark G. Kuzyk, Editor(s)

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