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Proceedings Paper

Environmental satellite data utilization: determination of wind vectors by tracking features on sequential moisture analyses derived from hyperspectral IR satellite soundings
Author(s): Christopher Velden
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Paper Abstract

Traditional methods for deriving wind vectors from sequential geostationary satellite imagery involve the tracking of coherent clouds and moisture features in single channels (spectral bands). While this data source has proven to be important to global wind analyses, the approach is limited in two major ways: 1) The heights assigned to the vectors are not precise, leading to problems in data assimilation, and 2) Vertical profiles of the wind at a given geo-location are not provided, adding further stress to objective data assimilation (difficulty with single-level observations). A new approach to deriving winds from sequential satellite observations is being advanced at CIMSS. The method utilizes the same basic automated tracking code developed at CIMSS, however the input to the algorithm is in the form of constant-level moisture analyses derived from hyperspectral sounding information. Since the altitude of the features being tracked are already determined by the soundings/analyses, the height assignment ambiguities associated with the traditional approaches are ameliorated. Furthermore, the hyperspectral infrared (IR) information provides detailed vertical profiles of moisture where there are no clouds. This allows analyses of moisture at multiple vertical levels, which can then be used in an attempt to retrieve vertical profiles of wind. To date, the new scheme has been trialed on simulated data from GIFTS, and on one case of real data from airborne observations provided by the NAST-I instrument. From these first attempts, the "proof of concept" is successfully illustrated, and will be shown in the presentation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 October 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5548, Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization: an End-to-End System Perspective, (14 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.559955
Show Author Affiliations
Christopher Velden, Univ. of Wisconsin/Madison (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5548:
Atmospheric and Environmental Remote Sensing Data Processing and Utilization: an End-to-End System Perspective
Hung-Lung Allen Huang; Hal J. Bloom, Editor(s)

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