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Proceedings Paper

Comparisons of the proton-induced dark current and charge transfer efficiency responses of n- and p-channel CCDs
Author(s): Cheryl J. Marshall; Paul W. Marshall; Augustyn Wacynski; Elizabeth Polidan; Scott D. Johnson; Art Campbell
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Paper Abstract

The proton-induced charge transfer efficiency (CTE) behavior for the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) p-channel CCD [being developed for the Supernovae Acceleration Probe (SNAP)] is compared with the Hubble Space Telescope’s (HST) Wide Field Camera 3 (WFC3) n-channel CCDs CTE using 55Fe x-rays, first pixel edge response (FPR), and extended pixel edge response (EPER) techniques. The pre- and post-proton radiation performance parameters of p-channel CCDs designed by LBNL and fabricated at Dalsa Semiconductor, Inc. are compared with n-channel CCDs from E2V, Inc. LBNL p-channel CCDs both with and without notched parallel registers are compared with the E2V CCD43 [a notched, multi-phase pinned (MPP) device] and the E2V CCD44 (an un-notched, non-MPP device), using the same readout timing and measured over the same range of temperatures. The CTE performance of the p-channel CCD is about an order of magnitude better than similar n-channel CCDs for the conditions measured here after a 63 MeV proton fluence of 2.5 x 109 cm-2, which is equivalent to 2.5 years in the HST orbit behind shielding comparable to about 2.5 cm Al. Our measurements are compared with previous CTE measurements at 12 MeV by Bebek et al. The ~ 10 x CTE improvements relative to n-channel CCDs is seen at -83°C, a temperature which is optimized for n-channel CCD performance. Advantages from p-channel CCDs should be greater at other temperatures. Dark current measurements and hot pixel issues are also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 September 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5499, Optical and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy, (29 September 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.551914
Show Author Affiliations
Cheryl J. Marshall, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Paul W. Marshall, Consultant (United States)
Augustyn Wacynski, Global Science and Technology, Inc./NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Elizabeth Polidan, Global Science and Technology, Inc./NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Scott D. Johnson, Global Science and Technology, Inc./NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Art Campbell, Naval Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5499:
Optical and Infrared Detectors for Astronomy
James D. Garnett; James W. Beletic, Editor(s)

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