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Proceedings Paper

Interferometric observations of the Mira star o Ceti with the VLTI/VINCI instrument in the near-infrared
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Paper Abstract

We present K-band commissioning observations of the Mira star prototype o Cet obtained at the ESO Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) with the VINCI instrument and two siderostats. The observations were carried out between 2001 October and December, in 2002 January and December, and in 2003 January. Rosseland angular radii are derived from the measured visibilities by fitting theoretical visibility functions obtained from center-to-limb intensity variations (CLVs) of Mira star models. Using the derived Rosseland angular radii and the spectral energy distributions (SEDs) reconstructed from available photometric and spectrophotometric data, we find effective temperatures ranging from T_eff=3192 +/- 200 K at phase 0.13 to 2918 +/- 183 K at phase 0.26. Comparison of these Rosseland radii, effective temperatures, and the shape of the observed visibility functions with model predictions suggests that o Cet is a fundamental mode pulsator. Furthermore, we investigated the variation of visibility function and diameter with phase. The Rosseland angular diameter of o Cet increased from 28.9 +/- 0.3 mas (corresponding to a Rosseland radius of 332 +/- 38 Rsun for a distance of D=107 +/- 12 pc) at phase 0.13 to 34.9 +/- 0.4 mas (402 +/- 46 Rsun) at phase 0.4. The observational error of the Rosseland linear radius almost entirely results from the error of the parallax, since the error of the angular diameter is only approximately 1%.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 October 2004
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 5491, New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry, (20 October 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.551245
Show Author Affiliations
Henry C. Woodruff, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Maren Eberhardt, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Thomas M. Driebe, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Keiichi Ohnaka, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Andrea Richichi, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Dieter Schertl, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Markus Schoeller, European Southern Observatory (Chile)
Michael Scholz, Univ. Heidelberg (Germany)
Univ. of Sydney (Australia)
Gerd P. Weigelt, Max-Planck-Institut fur Radioastronomie (Germany)
Markus Wittkowski, European Southern Observatory (Germany)
Peter R. Wood, Australian National Univ. (Australia)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5491:
New Frontiers in Stellar Interferometry
Wesley A. Traub, Editor(s)

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