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Proceedings Paper

Disorder and fluctuations in nonlinear excitations in DNA
Author(s): Sara Cuenda; Angel Sanchez
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Paper Abstract

We study the effects of the sequence on the propagation of nonlinear excitations in simple models of DNA, and how those effects are modified by noise. Starting from previous results on soliton dynamics on lattices defined by aperiodic potentials, [F. Dominquez-Adame et al., Phys. Rev. E 52, 2183 (1995)], we analyze the behavior of lattices built from real DNA sequences obtained from human genome data. We confirm the existence of threshold forces, already found in Fibonacci sequences, and of stop positions highly dependent on the specific sequence. Another relevant conclusion is that the effective potential, a collective coordinate formalism introduced by Salerno and Kivshar [Phys. Lett. A 193, 263 (1994)] is a useful tool to identify key regions that control the behaviour of a larger sequence. We then study how the fluctuations can assist the propagation process by helping the excitations to escape the stop positions. Our conclusions point out to improvements of the model which look promising to describe mechanical denaturation of DNA. Finally, we also consider how randomly distributed energy focus on the chain as a function of the sequence.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 May 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5467, Fluctuations and Noise in Biological, Biophysical, and Biomedical Systems II, (25 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.548346
Show Author Affiliations
Sara Cuenda, Univ. Carlos III de Madrid (Spain)
Angel Sanchez, Univ. Carlos III de Madrid (Spain)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5467:
Fluctuations and Noise in Biological, Biophysical, and Biomedical Systems II
Derek Abbott; Sergey M. Bezrukov; Andras Der; Angel Sanchez, Editor(s)

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