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Proceedings Paper

Method for simulating the signal and noise for terahertz radiation generated by photomixing in laser-assisted field emission
Author(s): Mark J. Hagmann
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Paper Abstract

Photomixing in laser-assisted field emission offers promise as a new mechanism for generating terahertz radiation. A nanoscale field emission tip is much smaller than optical wavelengths, so the potential of the tip follows each cycle of the incident radiation. Electron emission responds to the total electric field (DC + radiation) in τ < 2 fs, and the current-voltage characteristics of field emission are highly nonlinear. Thus, two lasers cause current oscillations by photomixing, which can be tuned from DC to 500 THz (1/τ) by shifting the offset of the lasers. Photomixing is simulated as a stationary stochastic process in which the frequencies and phases of the incident optical radiation are random variables. The waveform of the current is determined by solving the time-independent Schroedinger equation at discrete time steps for which the potential barrier is a superposition of the incident radiation field and the static barrier. These samples satisfy the criteria of a Poisson process to allow for the discrete emission of electrons at the specified total current. The one-sided power spectral density is calculated with the FFT to produce periodogram estimates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 May 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5468, Fluctuations and Noise in Photonics and Quantum Optics II, (25 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.546858
Show Author Affiliations
Mark J. Hagmann, Deseret Electronics Research Corp. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5468:
Fluctuations and Noise in Photonics and Quantum Optics II
Peter Heszler, Editor(s)

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