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Proceedings Paper

Selection of parameters on laser cutting mild steel plates taking account of some manufacturing purposes
Author(s): Hiroshi Asano; Jippei Suzuki; Hiroshi Kawakami; Hiroshi Eguchi
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Paper Abstract

There are large number of processing conditions which can be set for laser-cutting of plate materials, because importance of the objective for the cutting is different from product to product. This study aims to build a system which can set the processing conditions reasonably and efficiently. From plural processing objectives, roughness of cutting surface was taken up from among the required qualities, such as processing speed, circularity of a processed hole, height of dross on the rear side, roughness of cutting surfaces, accuracy of shapes and dimensions, and with of burning, to review the effects of the processing condition on the cutting surface including the drag line gap. In our experiments, a 1 kW CO2 gas laser machine was used to make laser-cutting samples and 389 combinations of samples were used. From the results of the experiments, the range of processing conditions which allow cutting is defined by the energy input per unit area HIA = 4.8 [J/mm2]. The values of roughness of the cutting surface on both front and rear sides of the plates can be reduced if the cutting speed is 1000 mm/min or higher, and they little change at small values if the heat input per unit area is within a range under 20 J/mm2. In a range of thin plate thickness, the drag gap on cutting surfaces can be evaluated by the heat input per unit area. In the case of thicker plate, the greater the duty is, the smaller the drag gap is, if the heat input per units area is kept unchanged. Cutting with small heat input is desirable for better roughness of cutting surface. Cutting with large heat input is required for better drag gap. In the scope of our study, a value 20 J/mm2 of heat input per unit area is recommended for laer-cutting of 0.8 - 4.5 mm thick mild steel plates.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 November 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5063, Fourth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication, (18 November 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.541165
Show Author Affiliations
Hiroshi Asano, Amada Co., Ltd. (Japan)
Jippei Suzuki, Mie Univ. (Japan)
Hiroshi Kawakami, Mie Univ. (Japan)
Hiroshi Eguchi, Amada Co., Ltd. (Japan)


Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5063:
Fourth International Symposium on Laser Precision Microfabrication
Isamu Miyamoto; Andreas Ostendorf; Koji Sugioka; Henry Helvajian, Editor(s)

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