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Proceedings Paper

Resonance analysis of high-temperature piezoelectric materials for actuation and sensing
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Paper Abstract

The current NASA Decadal mission planning effort has identified Venus as a significant scientific target for a surface in-situ sampling mission. The Venus environment represents several extremes including high temperature (460°C), high pressure (~9 MPa.), and potentially corrosive (condensed sulfuric acid droplets that adhere to surfaces during entry) environments. This technology challenge requires new actuator and sensor designs that can withstand these extreme conditions. In addition a variety of industrial applications could benefit from an extended operating temperature range of actuators and sensors. Piezoelectric materials can potentially operate over a wide temperature range reaching as low as -270°C to as high as +650°C. Single crystals, like LiNbO3, have a Curie temperature that is higher than +1000°C. In order to investigate the feasibility of producing actuators/sensors that can operate under these conditions we have initiated a study of the properties of a variety of piezoelectric materials in the temperature range 250C to 5000C. These piezoelectric materials were chosen because they are solid state and can be designed as actuators to provide high torque, stroke, and speed. However the feasibility of this critical actuation capability has never been demonstrated under the extreme conditions mentioned above. We will present the results of our measurements on a variety of piezoelectric materials that can be operated at temperatures above 460°C. The data for small signal resonance analysis (ring, radial and thickness extensional modes) of disk and ring samples made of BST-PT and BMT-PT (TRS Technologies Inc.) and Bismuth Titanate BT (Ferroperm Piezoceramics A/S, Sinoceramics) as a function of the temperature will be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 July 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5387, Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (21 July 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.540102
Show Author Affiliations
Stewart Sherrit, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Xiaoqi Bao, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Yoseph Bar-Cohen, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)
Zensheu Chang, Jet Propulsion Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5387:
Smart Structures and Materials 2004: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics
Dimitris C. Lagoudas, Editor(s)

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