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Proceedings Paper

FLIM-FRET microscopy to visualize transcription factor interactions in the nucleus of the living cell
Author(s): Richard N. Day; Ignacio A. Demarco; Ty C. Voss; Ye Chen; Ammasi Periasamy
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Paper Abstract

Wide-field fluorescence microscopy was used to monitor the co-localization of the homeodomain (HD) transcription factor Pit-1 and the basic-leucine zipper protein CCAAT/enhancer binding protein alpha (C/EBPa), each labeled with fluorescent proteins (FP) in the living cell nucleus. Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) microscopy was used to resolve the angstrom-scale spatial relationships of these expressed proteins, and the effect of a Pit-1 point mutation on the interaction with C/EBPa was characterized. Two-photon excitation fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (2p-FLIM) was then used as an independent method to detect these protein interactions. The excited-state lifetime for the cyan FP (CFP) labeling C/EBPa was determined, and the measurements were repeated in cells co-expressing yellow FP (YFP) labeled-proteins. The CFP lifetime was decreased in the presence of the YFP acceptor, which is consistent with donor quenching by FRET. This was verified by acceptor photobleaching, which caused a shift in the donor lifetime to that similar to the donor alone. However, a significant limitation of this technique was demonstrated by the observation that high-energy 2p-excitation resulted in CFP photobleaching and a parallel decrease in its excited-state lifetime. The key question is whether the sensitivity of this imaging approach will be sufficient to acquire significant data from living cells expressing physiological levels of the labeled proteins.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 June 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5323, Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences IV, (21 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.540016
Show Author Affiliations
Richard N. Day, Univ. of Virginia Health System (United States)
Ignacio A. Demarco, Univ. of Virginia Health System (United States)
Ty C. Voss, Univ. of Virginia Health System (United States)
Ye Chen, W. M. Keck Ctr. for Cellular Imaging/Univ. of Virginia (United States)
Ammasi Periasamy, W. M. Keck Ctr. for Cellular Imaging/Univ. of Virginia (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5323:
Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences IV
Ammasi Periasamy; Peter T. C. So, Editor(s)

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