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Proceedings Paper

Multimodal biometric digital watermarking on immigrant visas for homeland security
Author(s): Sreela Sasi; Kirti C. Tamhane; Mahesh Bangalore Rajappa
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Paper Abstract

Passengers with immigrant Visa's are a major concern to the International Airports due to the various fraud operations identified. To curb tampering of genuine Visa, the Visa's should contain human identification information. Biometric characteristic is a common and reliable way to authenticate the identity of an individual [1]. A Multimodal Biometric Human Identification System (MBHIS) that integrates iris code, DNA fingerprint, and the passport number on the Visa photograph using digital watermarking scheme is presented. Digital Watermarking technique is well suited for any system requiring high security [2]. Ophthalmologists [3], [4], [5] suggested that iris scan is an accurate and nonintrusive optical fingerprint. DNA sequence can be used as a genetic barcode [6], [7]. While issuing Visa at the US consulates, the DNA sequence isolated from saliva, the iris code and passport number shall be digitally watermarked in the Visa photograph. This information is also recorded in the 'immigrant database'. A 'forward watermarking phase' combines a 2-D DWT transformed digital photograph with the personal identification information. A 'detection phase' extracts the watermarked information from this VISA photograph at the port of entry, from which iris code can be used for identification and DNA biometric for authentication, if an anomaly arises.

Paper Details

Date Published: 25 August 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5404, Biometric Technology for Human Identification, (25 August 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.537112
Show Author Affiliations
Sreela Sasi, Gannon Univ. (United States)
Kirti C. Tamhane, Gannon Univ. (United States)
Mahesh Bangalore Rajappa, Gannon Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5404:
Biometric Technology for Human Identification
Anil K. Jain; Nalini K. Ratha, Editor(s)

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