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Proceedings Paper

Automatic segmentation of cerebral ischemic lesions from diffusion tensor MR images
Author(s): Wu Li; Jie Tian; Jianping Dai
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Paper Abstract

There has been increasing interest in quantitatively analyzing diffusion anisotropy of ischemic lesions from diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging (DT-MRI). In this study, we develop and evaluate a novel method to automatically segment cerebral ischemic lesions from DT-MRI images. The method is a combination of image preprocessing, measures of diffusion anisotropy, multi-scale statistical classification (MSSC), and partial volume reclassification (PVRC). First, non-linear anisotropic diffusion filtering are applied to DT-MRI images to reduce image noise. Then, measures of diffusion anisotropy, such as fractional anisotropy and trace of the diffusion tensor, are calculated to acquire the diffusion properties of different brain tissues. Finally, ischemic lesions are accurately segmented using robust MSSC-PVRC, taking into account spatial information, intensity gradient, radio frequency (RF) inhomogeity and measures of diffusion anisotropy of DT-MRI images. After MSSC, PVRC is applied to overcome partial volume effect (PVE). Analyses of synthetic data and DT-MRI scans of 20 patients with ischemic stroke were carried out. It shows that the method got a satisfied segmentation of ischemic lesions, successfully overcoming the problem of intensity overlapping and reducing PVE, and that the method is robust to varying starting parameters. The results of the automated method are compared with lesion delineations by human experts, showing the rapid identification of ischemic lesion with accuracy and reproducibility. The proposed automatic technique is promising not only to detect the site and size of ischemic lesions in stroke patients but also to quantitatively analyze diffusion anisotropy of lesions for further clinical diagnoses and therapy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 May 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5370, Medical Imaging 2004: Image Processing, (12 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.536007
Show Author Affiliations
Wu Li, Institute of Automation (China)
Jie Tian, Institute of Automation (China)
Jianping Dai, Beijing Tiantan Hospital (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5370:
Medical Imaging 2004: Image Processing
J. Michael Fitzpatrick; Milan Sonka, Editor(s)

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