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Temporal and spatial resolution required for imaging myocardial function
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Paper Abstract

4-D functional analysis of myocardial mechanics is an area of significant interest and research in cardiology and vascular/interventional radiology. Current multidimensional analysis is limited by insufficient temporal resolution of x-ray and magnetic resonance based techniques, but recent improvements in system design holds hope for faster and higher resolution scans to improve images of moving structures allowing more accurate functional studies, such as in the heart. This paper provides a basis for the requisite temporal and spatial resolution for useful imaging during individual segments of the cardiac cycle. Multiple sample rates during systole and diastole are compared to determine an adequate sample frequency to reduce regional myocardial tracking errors. Concurrently, out-of-plane resolution has to be sufficiently high to minimize partial volume effect. Temporal resolution and out-of-plane spatial resolution are related factors that must be considered together. The data used for this study is a DSR dynamic volume image dataset with high temporal and spatial resolution using implanted fiducial markers to track myocardial motion. The results of this study suggest a reduced exposure and scan time for x-ray and magnetic resonance imaging methods, since a lower sample rate during systole is sufficient, whereas the period of rapid filling during diastole requires higher sampling. This could potentially reduce the cost of these procedures and allow higher patient throughput.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 May 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5367, Medical Imaging 2004: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display, (5 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.533546
Show Author Affiliations
Christian Dieter Eusemann, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine (United States)
Richard A. Robb, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5367:
Medical Imaging 2004: Visualization, Image-Guided Procedures, and Display
Robert L. Galloway Jr., Editor(s)

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