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Proceedings Paper

Internal optical loss and threshold characteristics of semiconductor lasers with a reduced-dimensionality active region
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Paper Abstract

We develop a general approach to including the internal optical loss in the description of semiconductor lasers with a quantum-confined active region. We assume that the internal absorption loss coefficient is linear in the free-carrier density in the optical confinement layer and is characterized by two parameters, the constant component and the net cross-section for all absorption loss processes. We show that the free-carrier-density dependence of internal loss gives rise, in general, to the existence of a second lasing threshold above the conventional threshold. Above the second threshold, the light-current characteristic is two-valued up to a maximum current at which the lasing is quenched. We show that the presence of internal loss narrows considerably the region of tolerable structure parameters in which the lasing is attainable; for example, the minimum cavity length is significantly increased. Our approach is quite general but the numerical examples presented are specific for quantum dot (QD) lasers. Our calculations suggest that the internal loss is likely to be a major limiting factor to lasing in short-cavity QD structures.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 June 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5349, Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XII, (18 June 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.529228
Show Author Affiliations
Levon V. Asryan, SUNY/Stony Brook (United States)
A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute (Russia)
Serge Luryi, SUNY/Stony Brook (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5349:
Physics and Simulation of Optoelectronic Devices XII
Marek Osinski; Hiroshi Amano; Fritz Henneberger, Editor(s)

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