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Proceedings Paper

Global computational algebraic topology approach for diffusion
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Paper Abstract

One physical process involved in many computer vision problems is the heat diffusion process. Such Partial differential equations are continuous and have to be discretized by some techniques, mostly mathematical processes like finite differences or finite elements. The continuous domain is subdivided into sub-domains in which there is only one value. The diffusion equation comes from the energy conservation then it is valid on a whole domain. We use the global equation instead of discretize the PDE obtained by a limit process on this global equation. To encode these physical global values over pixels of different dimensions, we use a computational algebraic topology (CAT)-based image model. This model has been proposed by Ziou and Allili and used for the deformation of curves and optical flow. It introduces the image support as a decomposition in terms of points, edges, surfaces, volumes, etc. Images of any dimensions can then be handled. After decomposing the physical principles of the heat transfer into basic laws, we recall the CAT-based image model and use it to encode the basic laws. We then present experimental results for nonlinear graylevel diffusion for denoising, ensuring thin features preservation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5299, Computational Imaging II, (21 May 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.525975
Show Author Affiliations
Marie-Flavie Auclair-Fortier, Univ. de Sherbrooke (Canada)
Djemel Ziou, Univ. de Sherbrooke (Canada)
Madjid Allili, Bishop's Univ. (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5299:
Computational Imaging II
Charles A. Bouman; Eric L. Miller, Editor(s)

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