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Proceedings Paper

AM-FM screen design using donut filters
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Paper Abstract

In this paper we introduce a class of linear filters called 'donut filters' for the design of halftone screens that enable robust printing with stochastic0 clustered dots. The donut filter approach is a simple, yet efficient method to produce pleasing stochastic clustered-dot halftone patterns (a.k.a AM-FM halftones) suitable for systems with poor isolated dot reproduction and/or significant dot-gain. The radial profile of a donut filter resembles the radial cross section of a donut shape, with low impulse response at the center that rises to a peak and drops off rapidly as the pixel distance from the center is increased. A simple extension for the joint design of any number of colorant screens is given. This extension makes use of several optimal linear filters that may be treated as a single donut multi-filter having matrix-valued coefficients. A key contribution of this paper is the design of the parametric donut filters to be used at each graylevel. We show that given a desired spatial pair-correlation profile (a.k.a. spatial halftone statistics), optimum donut filters may be generated, such that the donut filter based screen design produces patterns possessing the desired profile in the maximum-likelihood sense. In fact, 'optimal green-noise' halftone screens having the spatial statistics described by Lau, Arce and Gallagher may be produced as a special case of our design. We will also demonstrate donut filter designs that do not use an 'optimum green-noise' target profile in the design and yet produce excellent stochastic clustered-dot halftone screens.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 December 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5293, Color Imaging IX: Processing, Hardcopy, and Applications, (18 December 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.525815
Show Author Affiliations
Niranjan Damera-Venkata, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)
Qian Lin, Hewlett-Packard Labs. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5293:
Color Imaging IX: Processing, Hardcopy, and Applications
Reiner Eschbach; Gabriel G. Marcu, Editor(s)

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