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Proceedings Paper

Laser forming of materials without external forces
Author(s): Zygmunt Mucha; Jacek Widlaszewski; Marek Cabaj; Ryszard Gradon
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Paper Abstract

Investigations on bending plates by use of laser beam with rectangular cross-section are presented. Permanent deformation of plate is obtained without external forces, solely under influence of thermal stress induced by local heating of the material. Laser beam of narrow rectangular cross-section was modeled as a linear heat source moving over the plate surface. Temperature distribution in the plastified layer of the material was taken into considerations. The bend angle was investigated as a function of laser beam parameters: power, cross-section geometric parameters, velocity with respect to the material and material parameters of bend plates. It has been proven that effective bending occurs when the material surface temperature is close to the melting temperature. Presented advanced analytical model can be applied in design and control of laser forming of developable surfaces, as well as in other laser processing technologies, hardening, for instance. Derived dependence for the bend angle and curvature can be reduced in special case to well-known expressions describing welding distortions.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 October 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5229, Laser Technology VII: Applications of Lasers, (6 October 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.520718
Show Author Affiliations
Zygmunt Mucha, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (Poland)
Kielce Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Jacek Widlaszewski, Institute of Fundamental Technological Research (Poland)
Marek Cabaj, Kielce Univ. of Technology (Poland)
Ryszard Gradon, Kielce Univ. of Technology (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5229:
Laser Technology VII: Applications of Lasers
Wieslaw L. Wolinski; Zdzislaw Jankiewicz; Ryszard Romaniuk, Editor(s)

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