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Proceedings Paper

Image/video understanding systems based on network-symbolic models
Author(s): Gary Kuvich
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Paper Abstract

Vision is a part of a larger information system that converts visual information into knowledge structures. These structures drive vision process, resolve ambiguity and uncertainty via feedback projections, and provide image understanding that is an interpretation of visual information in terms of such knowledge models. Computer simulation models are built on the basis of graphs/networks. The ability of human brain to emulate similar graph/network models is found. Symbols, predicates and grammars naturally emerge in such networks, and logic is simply a way of restructuring such models. Brain analyzes an image as a graph-type relational structure created via multilevel hierarchical compression of visual information. Primary areas provide active fusion of image features on a spatial grid-like structure, where nodes are cortical columns. Spatial logic and topology naturally present in such structures. Mid-level vision processes like perceptual grouping, separation of figure from ground, are special kinds of network transformations. They convert primary image structure into the set of more abstract ones, which represent objects and visual scene, making them easy for analysis by higher-level knowledge structures. Higher-level vision phenomena are results of such analysis. Composition of network-symbolic models combines learning, classification, and analogy together with higher-level model-based reasoning into a single framework, and it works similar to frames and agents. Computational intelligence methods transform images into model-based knowledge representation. Based on such principles, an Image/Video Understanding system can convert images into the knowledge models, and resolve uncertainty and ambiguity. This allows creating intelligent computer vision systems for design and manufacturing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2004
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5263, Intelligent Manufacturing, (4 March 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.519092
Show Author Affiliations
Gary Kuvich, Smart Computer Vision Systems (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5263:
Intelligent Manufacturing
Bhaskaran Gopalakrishnan; Peter E. Orban; Angappa Gunasekaran, Editor(s)

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