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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of radiometric and chemical detection sensitivities for heterodyne and direct detection DIAL
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Paper Abstract

A high repetition rate, wavelength agile CO2 laser has been developed at the Air Force Research Laboratory for use as a local oscillator in a heterodyne detection receiver. Rapid wavelength selection is required for measurements of airborne chemical vapors using the differential absorption lidar (DIAL) technique. Acousto-optic modulators are used in the local oscillator to tune between different wavelengths at high speeds (greater than 100 Hz) without the need for moving mechanical parts. Other advantages obtained by the use of acousto-optic modulators are laser output power control per wavelength and rugged packaging for field applications. A series of experiments to simultaneously characterize the radiometric and chemical detection sensitivities of heterodyne and direct detection DIAL systems is being performed at Kirtland AFB, NM, and will be described. The wavelength agile local oscillator (WALO) has been incorporated into a heterodyne receiver, with the Laser Airborne Remote Sensing (LARS) system providing the laser transmitter and direct detection receiver. The experiment series is studying radiometric issues, spread spectrum operation, the effects of target-induced speckle, and the influence of atmospheric turbulence for both detection mechanisms. Measurements are being performed over a horizontal path at standoff ranges of 4 to 15 km, using both natural and man-made targets. Comparisons of the heterodyne and direct detection radiometric and chemometric results will be presented, and contrasted with predictions from simulations and models. The results will also be discussed in terms of the implications for fielding operational DIAL systems.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 February 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5268, Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection, (27 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.518593
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel C. Senft, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)
Diego F. Pierrottet, Air Force Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5268:
Chemical and Biological Standoff Detection
James O. Jensen; Jean-Marc Theriault, Editor(s)

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