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Proceedings Paper

Surface treatments by laser
Author(s): A. L. Thomann; R. Benzerga; Armelle Basillais; Cecile Georges; Francois Fariaut; Nadjib Semmar; Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne
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Paper Abstract

Laser treatments of various metals are studying depending on the laser wavelength, pulse time duration and shape, and fluence (laser/metal interaction regime). Low fluence excimer UV laser melting process of gold layer is shown to improve the corrosion resistance of multilayer (Au/Ni/Cu alloy) electrical contacts. For this application the homogenity of the laser beam as well as the initial Cu substrate roughness are found to be limiting parameters of the process. Carburization of Al alloy, performed in C3H6 atmosphere with a KrF laser induces the incorporation of carbon atoms over about 4 μm depth. The crystalline Al4C3 synthesized at the surface leads to a strengthening of the light Al alloy, which is of great interest for application in car industry. The study shows that diffusion of C atom in the target is possible because of a plasma presence on the surface which supports the molten bath life time and induces dissociation of the ambient gas. In the last example of laser metal surface treatment presented in that paper, a commonly used steel is treated in air with different lasers at a fluence above the plasma formation threshold. It is seen that the machining oils covering the surface before the treatment can be efficiently removed and that new compounds (nitride, carbide and oxides) are formed at the surface.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 4948, 25th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics, (1 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.516936
Show Author Affiliations
A. L. Thomann, Univ. d'Orleans (France)
R. Benzerga, Univ. d'Orleans (France)
Armelle Basillais, Univ. d'Orleans (France)
Cecile Georges, Univ. d'Orleans (France)
Francois Fariaut, Univ. d'Orleans (France)
Nadjib Semmar, Univ. d'Orleans (France)
Chantal Boulmer-Leborgne, Univ. d'Orleans (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4948:
25th International Congress on High-Speed Photography and Photonics
Claude Cavailler; Graham P. Haddleton; Manfred Hugenschmidt, Editor(s)

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