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Proceedings Paper

Entangled exciton states in quantum dot molecules
Author(s): M. Bayer; G. Ortner; A. Larionov; A. Kress; Alfred W. B. Forchel; Pawel Hawrylak; K. Hinzer; M. Korkusinski; Simon Fafard; Zbigniew R. Wasilewski; Thomas L. Reinecke; Yu. Lyanda-Geller
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Paper Abstract

Currently there is strong interest in realizing implementations of quantum computation and quantum cryptography in a solid state environment. One of the systems that are actively studied are semiconductor quantum dots (QDs). Due to their discrete energy level structure, they are often called artificial atoms, and they attract immediately interest of quantum information science since they allow to mimic the design developed for atomic physics systems such as ions in traps or atoms in cavities. However, despite of the similarities, one has to keep in main that any elementary excitation in a QD has a generic many-body character. An essential building block of a quantum processor is a quantum gate which entangles the states of two quantum bits. Recently it has been proposed that a pair of vertically aligned QDs could be used as an optically driven quantum gate: The quantum bits are individual carriers either on dot zero or dot one. The different dot indices play the same role as a "spin," therefore we term them "isospin." Quantum mechanical tunneling between the dots rotates the "isospin" and leads to superposition of two quantum dot states. The quantum gate is built when two different particles, an electron and a hole, are created optically. The two particles form entangled isospin states. The entanglement can be controlled by application of an electric field along the heterostructure growth direction. Here we present spectroscopic studies on single quantum dot molecules (QDMs) with different vertical separation between the dots that support the feasibility of this proposal. The comparison of the evolution of the excitonic recombination spectrum with the results of calculations allows us to demonstrate coherent tunneling of electrons and holes across the separating barrier and the formation of entangled exciton states. For a given barrier width, we find only small variations of the tunneling induced splitting between the entangled states demonstrating a good homogeneity within the obtained QDM ensembles.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 June 2003
PDF: 4 pages
Proc. SPIE 5023, 10th International Symposium on Nanostructures: Physics and Technology, (11 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.514621
Show Author Affiliations
M. Bayer, Univ. Wuerzburg and Univ. Dortmund (Germany)
G. Ortner, Univ. Wuerzburg and Univ. Dortmund (Germany)
A. Larionov, Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany)
A. Kress, Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany)
Alfred W. B. Forchel, Univ. Wuerzburg (Germany)
Pawel Hawrylak, National Research Council (Canada)
K. Hinzer, National Research Council (Canada)
M. Korkusinski, National Research Council (Canada)
Simon Fafard, National Research Council (Canada)
Zbigniew R. Wasilewski, National Research Council (Canada)
Thomas L. Reinecke, Naval Research Lab. (United States)
Yu. Lyanda-Geller, Naval Research Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5023:
10th International Symposium on Nanostructures: Physics and Technology
Zhores I. Alferov; Leo Esaki, Editor(s)

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