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Proceedings Paper

Focal plane readout for 2-D LWIR application implemented with current mode background suppression per pixel
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, a readout technique involving current mode background suppression is studied for 2-dimensional infrared focal plane arrays (IR FPA’s). This technique has a current memory per pixel, and the suppression current can be optimized per pixel element. Capacitive transimpedende amplifier (CTIA) and feedback amplifier structure are adopted for input circuit and background suppression circuit, respectively. Feedback amplifier structure can minimize skimming error due to channel length modulation. The area size of the pixel circuit is generally limited in the case of 2-D application. So, the amplifier used in the CTIA input circuit adopts timesharing for background suppression. To further improve the area limitation, a half circuit of the CTIA is shared in row circuit out of the pixel array. Because of the leakage of the current memory, the skimming data of the current memory in the pixel array is stored in SRAM array through ADC, and is refreshed periodically with SRAM data through DAC. The readout circuit was fabricated using 0.6um 2-poly 3-metal CMOS process for 64 x 64 LWIR HgCdTe IR array with the pixel size of 50um x 50um. The measurement performance of the skimming circuit exhibits about only 3% error for 100nA background current. The simulation results exhibit that skimming error can be reduced further to 0.3% when the ratioed current mirror scheme and/or multi step refresh scheme is adopted.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 February 2004
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5234, Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites VII, (2 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.514157
Show Author Affiliations
Doo Hyung Woo, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Sang Gu Kang, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)
Hee Chul Lee, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (South Korea)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5234:
Sensors, Systems, and Next-Generation Satellites VII
Roland Meynart; Joan B. Lurie; Steven P. Neeck; Michelle L. Aten; Haruhisa Shimoda, Editor(s)

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