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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of remote sensing techniques for measurements of aircraft emissions indices at airports
Author(s): Klaus P. Schaefer; Carsten Jahn; Peter J. Sturm; Bernhard Lechner; Michael Bacher; Adam Gostomczyk; Barbara Kabarowska; Leszec Zalewski; Guenter Dahl
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Paper Abstract

The emission indices of aircraft engine exhausts were measured at airports non-intrusively by FTIR emission spectrometry at the engine nozzle exit as well as by FTIR absorption spectrometry and DOAS (Differential Optical Absorption Spectrometry) behind the aircraft. Two measurement campaigns were performed to compare these different measurement methods. A kerosene powered burner was operated in that way that the different methods were applied for the exhaust gas investigations during the same time and at nearly the same exhaust gas volume. The burner was built with a nozzle exit diameter of 37 cm and a power of about 150 kW. Fresh air was pumped into the burner tube by a fan. Calibration gases as pure CO and NO were added in different amounts to vary the concentration of these gases in the exhaust. The sampling probe of an intrusive measurement system was installed in the centre of the exhaust stream near the exhaust exit for measurements of these gases and CO2 as well as NO2, UHC, SO2 and O2. An APU (GTCP36-300) in a test bed was used in the same way. CO was mixed into the exhausts near the nozzle exit. The passive FTIR instrument was operated in the test bed using special noise and vibration isolation. The open-path instruments were installed at the chimney exit on the roof of the test bed building. The deviations between the different measurement methods were in the order of ±10 up to ±20 %.

Paper Details

Date Published: 16 February 2004
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5235, Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII, (16 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.514101
Show Author Affiliations
Klaus P. Schaefer, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany)
Carsten Jahn, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany)
Peter J. Sturm, Technische Univ. Graz (Austria)
Bernhard Lechner, Technische Univ. Graz (Austria)
Michael Bacher, Technische Univ. Graz (Austria)
Adam Gostomczyk, Czyste Powietrze Sp. zo. o (Poland)
Barbara Kabarowska, Czyste Powietrze Sp. zo. o (Poland)
Leszec Zalewski, Czyste Powietrze Sp. zo. o (Poland)
Guenter Dahl, Fachhochschule Aachen (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5235:
Remote Sensing of Clouds and the Atmosphere VIII
Klaus P. Schaefer; Adolfo Comeron; Michel R. Carleer; Richard H. Picard, Editor(s)

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