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Proceedings Paper

Optical systems in ultrafast biophotonics
Author(s): Pierre Laporte; Stephane Ramstein; Stephane Mottin
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Paper Abstract

In the field of biophotonics the main goals are the control and processing of in vivo biological tissues and the monitoring of biomolecule dynamics. Two particular “pitfalls” are present: the dynamic multiscale organization and the photostress of the medium. Until now the state of the art of the pico-femtosecond systems designed to these applications shows that the changing laser technology has been only used as an add-on. Our approach is based on a bottom-up procedure and on the medium-centered knowledge. The range of neurobiological applications of ultrafast photonics extends from TRP (time-resolved propagation) to linear and non-linear TRE (time-resolved emission). The device combines a one kilohertz chirp pulse amplification laser system and a single shot streak camera. For discrete wavelength applications (TRE), the set-up is a SHG/OPG/OPA3/SHG design. In the case of TRP, the beam is focused into pure water to generate a white light continuum. After propagation through tissue, a single-shot streak camera with single photo-electron counting capability performs the picosecond time-resolved spectroscopy of the collected photons. Depending on the acceptable level of photostress, the integration time can extend from 33ms up to several minutes with a real-time control of the jitter and time drifts. The meaning of the TRE spectro-temporal image is particularly detailed in the 450-480nm excitation window in regards to the contributions of mitochondrial flavoproteins. This optical system fulfills the reliability and the sensitivity, conditions required for measuring opto-electronic quantities from freely moving animal at low irradiation.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5249, Optical Design and Engineering, (18 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.514036
Show Author Affiliations
Pierre Laporte, LTSI, CNRS-Univ. Jean Monnet St. Etienne (France)
Stephane Ramstein, LTSI, CNRS-Univ. Jean Monnet St. Etienne (France)
Stephane Mottin, LTSI, CNRS-Univ. Jean Monnet St. Etienne (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5249:
Optical Design and Engineering
Laurent Mazuray; Philip J. Rogers; Rolf Wartmann, Editor(s)

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