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Proceedings Paper

Southern Italy illegal dumps detection based on spectral analysis of remotely sensed data and land-cover maps
Author(s): Claudia Notarnicola; Mariella Angiulli; Concetta I. Giasi
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Paper Abstract

This work intends to test the use of remotely sensed data, as a mean to identify degraded lands with a high environmental hazard. The approach uses data from the sensor Thematic Mapper on Landsat 5 in synergy with digital ortho-photos (1:10000) and land cover map Corine 1990 to create a methodology useful to identify areas with dumps. The analyzed scene is relative to an area located in the Apulia Region in Southern Italy, where it is known the presence of a dump near the Margherita di Savoia "saline" (salt evaporation pool). As this dump is in its early phase, it is impossible to use thermal anomaly as a characteristic sign of its presence. So its identification proceeds through the extraction of the spectral signatures of the dump area and of the neighborhood zones. The analysis is developed in three steps: (1) Monitoring the change in the zone nearby the pools, especially if abandoned; (2) Pointing out the dump presence by the spectral signature specificity; (3) Individuating areas characterized by the same spectral properties. A pre-processing analysis is carried out by the Principal Component Transformation in order to minimize spectral noise and redundancy. Subsequently, the images are classified by the unsupervised algorithm ISODATA aiming at automatically individuating radiometric classes. The regions of interest are identified by help of the land cover map and then characterized by their spectral signatures. The identification of the dump is a feasible objective because of the temporal stability of its spectral signature, with respect to those of the other areas.

Paper Details

Date Published: 13 February 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5239, Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology III, (13 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.511668
Show Author Affiliations
Claudia Notarnicola, Univ. degli Studi di Bari, INFN (Italy)
Mariella Angiulli, Istituto di Fisica Applicata Nello Carrara, CNR (Italy)
Univ. degli Studi di Bari (Italy)
Concetta I. Giasi, Politecnico di Bari (Italy)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5239:
Remote Sensing for Environmental Monitoring, GIS Applications, and Geology III
Manfred Ehlers; Hermann J. Kaufmann; Ulrich Michel, Editor(s)

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