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Proceedings Paper

First performance results of two novel spectroradiometers developed for fast scanning of solar spectra UV irradiance
Author(s): Uwe Feister; Anton K. Kaifel; Rolf-Dieter Grewe; Jasmine Kaptur; Oliver Reutter; Michael Wohlfart; Klaus Gericke
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Paper Abstract

Two recently developed different types of fast spectroradiometers measuring solar UV irradiance have been compared in a field campaign: i) the UV spectroradiometer on filter model basis (UV-SPRAFIMO) and ii) the modified version of the spectroradiometer SPECTRO 320D by Instrument Systems. The all-weather UV-SPRAFIMO instrument combines a UV filter radiometer with 5 narrow-band (FBHM ≈ 2.0 to 2.5 nm) filters centered within ± 0.01 nm at 303.5, 309.0, 314.5, 327.0 and 387.0 nm, and an advanced neural network-based model. It allows up to 5 measurements per second to be taken that are averaged within time intervals between 5 and 30 s. The neural networks model that is embedded in the PC-based processing software converts the 5 measured irradiances into a full spectrum from 280 to 450 nm at small wavelength steps (≥ 0.05 nm). These spectra can be convoluted with user-defined slit function and integrated to broad-band and action-spectra-weighted irradiance values. Users can access the data stored in the internal data logger by a serial RS232 interface or by a modem and display them on a PC-based Graphical User Interface. The spectroradiometer SPECTRO320D consists of a grating double monochromator with a cooled (-20°C) PMT receiver. The modified instrument version run by DWD uses a Schreder type cosine diffuser that directs the solar global irradiance via quartz fiber optics onto the spectroradiometer's entrance slit. The spectroradiometer used at the campaign was installed in a thermostatted (22 ± 0.02)°C aluminum box. The modified instrument version performs a spectral scan over the whole UV region in two subsequent parts, with a lower speed in the UV-B than in the UV-A to account for the exponential changes of solar irradiance with increasing wavelengths in the UV-B and for the almost linear change in the UV-A region. In the configuration applied in the comparison, i.e. wavelength steps of 0.2 nm within the scan range from 290 nm to 450 nm, the resulting scan time of the SPECTRO 320D was 23 s. The two spectroradiometers, which both have been absolutely calibrated in the DWD lab using FEL 1000 W halogen lamps traceable to the German Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (PTB), were used in a field campaign at Izana (Tenerife Island) at a height of 2409 m to compare measured spectral and integral values of solar irradiance. Results of that comparison and the instruments’ characteristics revealed under those special field conditions will be discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 November 2003
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 5156, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, (4 November 2003);
Show Author Affiliations
Uwe Feister, Deutscher Wetterdienst (Germany)
Anton K. Kaifel, Zentrum fuer Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany)
Rolf-Dieter Grewe, Deutscher Wetterdienst (Germany)
Jasmine Kaptur, Zentrum fuer Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany)
Oliver Reutter, Zentrum fuer Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany)
Michael Wohlfart, Zentrum fuer Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung Baden-Wuerttemberg (Germany)
Klaus Gericke, Deutscher Wetterdienst (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5156:
Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III
James R. Slusser; Jay R. Herman; Wei Gao, Editor(s)

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