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Proceedings Paper

Deformable x-ray optics for solar physics
Author(s): Melville P. Ulmer; Robert A. Stern; Lawrence Shing; Matvey Farber; Mark Smith
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Paper Abstract

In order to have affordable light-weight hard (30 keV or higher) X-ray mirrors for solar physics studies, it is necessary to use metal replicated mirrors. However these mirrors have never been made to the exacting requirements of solar physics which is a 1 arc second point spread function half energy width. An exciting breakthrough can be achieved by making mirrors with current technology by measuring their figure and then judiciously deforming them as is traditionally done for visible light adaptive optics mirrors. As a first step in this project, an electroformed Wolter type I mirror was used to focus and image X-rays onto a CCD X-ray camera. Two sets of data necessary to characterize the mirror figure were acquired: (1) a series of in and out of focus images along the optical axis taken to allow for a deconvolution technique to determine the figure; (2) a series of in focus images taken at different energies (0.28-4.5 keV) so as to be able to correct for surface scatter effects on top of geometrical effects. A report on the analysis of these results and a discussion of preliminary actuator designs are given.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 February 2004
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5171, Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics, (4 February 2004); doi: 10.1117/12.507218
Show Author Affiliations
Melville P. Ulmer, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Robert A. Stern, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Lawrence Shing, Lockheed Martin Advanced Technology Ctr. (United States)
Matvey Farber, Northwestern Univ. (United States)
Mark Smith, Xinetics Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5171:
Telescopes and Instrumentation for Solar Astrophysics
Silvano Fineschi; Mark A. Gummin, Editor(s)

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