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Proceedings Paper

Seasonal variation of UV radiation in the ocean under clear and cloudy conditions
Author(s): Ziauddin Ahmad; Jay R. Herman; Alexander P. Vasilkov; Maria Tzortziou; B. Gregory Mitchell; Mati Kahru
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Paper Abstract

Seasonal variability of solar UV radiation in ocean waters is estimated on a global scale by combining satellite measurements of scene reflectivity (TOMS), column ozone (TOMS) and chlorophyll concentration (SeaWiFS) with radiative transfer calculations for an ocean-atmosphere system. The new features are an extension of underwater radiative transfer (scattering and absorption) into the UV, inclusion of polarization in the above water diffuse radiances, the proper treatment of Fresnel reflection, and first order atmospheric backscatter of water-leaving radiance to the oceans. Maps of downwelling diffuse irradiances (Ed) at ocean surface and at different depths in the ocean, diffuse attenuation coefficient (Kd), and ten percent penetration depth (Z10) of solar irradiation are computed for open ocean waters. Results on spectral irradiances at 310 nm in UV-B and at 380 nm in UV-A part of the spectrum are presented with particular emphasis on the role of aerosols, clouds, and ozone in the atmosphere and chlorophyll concentrations in the ocean.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 November 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5156, Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III, (4 November 2003);
Show Author Affiliations
Ziauddin Ahmad, Science and Data Systems, Inc. (United States)
Jay R. Herman, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Alexander P. Vasilkov, Science Systems and Applications, Inc. (United States)
Maria Tzortziou, Univ. of Maryland/College Park (United States)
B. Gregory Mitchell, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)
Mati Kahru, Scripps Institution of Oceanography (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5156:
Ultraviolet Ground- and Space-based Measurements, Models, and Effects III
James R. Slusser; Jay R. Herman; Wei Gao, Editor(s)

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