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Proceedings Paper

Soft x-ray holography and microscopy of biological cells
Author(s): Jianwen Chen; Hongyi Gao; Honglan Xie; Ruxin Li; Zhizhan Xu
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Paper Abstract

Some experimental results on soft X-ray microscopy and holography imaging of biological specimens are presented in the paper. As we know, due to diffraction effects, there exists a resolution limit determined by wavelength λ and numerical aperture NA in conventional optical microscopy. In order to improve resolution, the num erical aperture should be made as large as possible and the wavelength as short as possible. Owing to the shorter wavelength, X-rays provide the potential of higher resolution in X-ray microscopy, holography image and allow for exam ination the interior structures of thicker specimens. In the experiments, we used synchrotron radiation source in Hefei as light source. Soft X-rays come from a bending magnet in 800 M eV electron storage ring with characteristic wavelength of 2.4 nm. The continuous X-ray spectrums are monochromatized by a zone-plate and a pinhole with 300 m diameter. The experimental set-up is typical contact microscopic system, its main advantage is simplicity and no special optical element is needed. The specimens used in the experiments of microscopic imaging are the colibacillus, the gingko vascular hundle and the fritillaries ovary karyon. The specimen for holographic imaging is the spider filam ents. The basic structures of plant cells such as the cell walls, the cytoplasm and the karyon especially the joint structures between the cells are observed clearly. An experimental study on a thick biological specimen that is a whole sporule w ith the thickness of about 30 μm is performed. In the holographic experiments, the experimental setup is typical Gabor in-line holography. The specimen is placed in line with X-ray source, which provides both the reference w aves and specimen illum ination. The specimen is some spider filament, which adhere to a Si3N4 film. The recording medium is PM M A, which is placed at recording distance of about 400 μm from the specimen. The hologram s were reconstructed by digital method with 300 nm resolutions. A novel method for recording in-line hologram is proposed which is called X-ray in-line holography with zone-plate magnification in this paper. The magnification factor of the micro zone plate imaging is about 103. The transverse resolution can be 48 nm in this method.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 October 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5143, Novel Optical Instrumentation for Biomedical Applications, (14 October 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.499755
Show Author Affiliations
Jianwen Chen, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Hongyi Gao, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Honglan Xie, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Ruxin Li, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)
Zhizhan Xu, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics (China)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5143:
Novel Optical Instrumentation for Biomedical Applications
Albert-Claude Boccara, Editor(s)

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