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Proceedings Paper

Fluctuations of van der Waals attraction force between macroscopic bodies
Author(s): A. Shulim Kogan
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Paper Abstract

The theory of the fluctuations of the van der Waals (vdW) attractive force between macroscopic bodies is developed. A general equation for the spectral density of the fluctuating surface Maxwell stress (force per unit area) in vacuum near the surface of a body is derived under the assumption that, inside the bodies, the random Langevin sources of the electric and magnetic fields (charges, polarizations, currents) are Gaussian. This spectral density of stress is an integral over frequencies of a sum of terms each of which is a product of Fourier amplitudes of two field components' correlation functions. For metallic bodies, the contribution of free electrons to the vdW force (at frequencies up to the frequency of electron scattering) is calculated. This contribution to the force and its noise grows with temperature. Application of noiseless voltage to two interacting metals across the vacuum gap between them generates an additional force noise. This additional noise is proportional to the voltage squared and to the spectral density of the random electric field at the frequency of noise measurement. The theoretical qualitative conclusions are in good agreement with experiments.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 May 2003
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 5112, Noise as a Tool for Studying Materials, (9 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.497417
Show Author Affiliations
A. Shulim Kogan, Los Alamos National Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5112:
Noise as a Tool for Studying Materials
Michael B. Weissman; Nathan E. Israeloff; A. Shulim Kogan, Editor(s)

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