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Proceedings Paper

Rough-interface scattering without plane waves
Author(s): David H. Berman
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Paper Abstract

The canonical problem in theoretical work on rough surface scattering concerns monochromatic plane waves incident on a single infinite irregular interface in a constant sound speed environment. Scattering amplitudes are calculated, and it is hoped that the differential cross-section per unit area (i.e., the scattering strength) formed from the square of the magnitude of the scattering amplitude will be adequate to describe experiments which use point sources in variable sound speed settings where there are multiple boundaries, e.g., reverberation in the ocean. Ray based reverberation models which allow computation of a local angle of incidence do use the differential cross-section. However, there are many workable wave propagation models for which the scattering strength can only be introduced in an ad hoc manner. In the present paper some variational principles will be examined as starting points for describing rough surface scattering by point sources. Dashen's exact, manifestly reciprocal formula for scattering amplitudes follows from a variational calculation and can be somewhat generalized to a point-source, variable sound-speed setting. In the special case of reverberation with a constant sound-speed with a pulsed source, the small-slope approximation, which follows simply from Dashen's formula, will be shown to have a simple form in both the near and far field.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 November 1991
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 1558, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Varied Media II, (11 November 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.49626
Show Author Affiliations
David H. Berman, Univ. of Iowa (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1558:
Wave Propagation and Scattering in Varied Media II
Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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