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Proceedings Paper

Defect reduction strategies for process control and yield improvement
Author(s): Douglas R. Liljegren
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Paper Abstract

The advent of automated defect inspection equipment has dramatically increased the quality and volume of visual defect data. The availability of this new information on a routine basis affords the opportunity to enhance the process quality improvement strategies currently in use however the volume of defect data and the variability of defect density makes use of this information difficult. In this flood of data the critical yield limiting defects are often difficult to discern. Process quality trouble shooting and control are difficult without proper analysis of defect data. A clear understanding of defect inspection technologies and defect data analysis requirements is essential to successful yield and reliability improvement. This paper examines the industry trends in the evolution and detection of defects on production wafers within a production facility. A model of average wafer defect density for each major device generation is presented. Implications to inspection technology and data analysis are discussed. Finally the requirements for detection and analysis of defects for current and future device technologies are discussed. BACKGROUND Wafer inspection for defects has evolved from manual visual and bright light inspections to fully automated inspection systems detecting sub-micron defects. Detection rates have increased from manual rates of a few centimeters per hour at variable capture rates on large defects to high speed detection of sub-micron defects with high stable capture rates. During this time wafer and chip sizes have increased

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 1991
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 1392, Advanced Techniques for Integrated Circuit Processing, (1 March 1991); doi: 10.1117/12.48960
Show Author Affiliations
Douglas R. Liljegren, KLA Instruments, France SA (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 1392:
Advanced Techniques for Integrated Circuit Processing
James A. Bondur; Terry R. Turner, Editor(s)

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