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Proceedings Paper

EO-1 analysis applicable to coastal characterization
Author(s): Hsiao-hua K. Burke; Bijoy Misra; Su May Hsu; Michael K. Griffin; Carolyn Upham; Kris Farrar
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Paper Abstract

The EO-1 satellite is part of NASA's New Millennium Program (NMP). It consists of three imaging sensors: the multi-spectral Advanced Land Imager (ALI), Hyperion and Atmospheric Corrector. Hyperion provides a high-resolution hyperspectral imager capable of resolving 220 spectral bands (from 0.4 to 2.5 micron) with a 30 m resolution. The instrument images a 7.5 km by 100 km land area per image. Hyperion is currently the only space-borne HSI data source since the launch of EO-1 in late 2000. The discussion begins with the unique capability of hyperspectral sensing to coastal characterization: (1) most ocean feature algorithms are semi-empirical retrievals and HSI has all spectral bands to provide legacy with previous sensors and to explore new information, (2) coastal features are more complex than those of deep ocean that coupled effects are best resolved with HSI, and (3) with contiguous spectral coverage, atmospheric compensation can be done with more accuracy and confidence, especially since atmospheric aerosol effects are the most pronounced in the visible region where coastal feature lie. EO-1 data from Chesapeake Bay from 19 February 2002 are analyzed. In this presentation, it is first illustrated that hyperspectral data inherently provide more information for feature extraction than multispectral data despite Hyperion has lower SNR than ALI. Chlorophyll retrievals are also shown. The results compare favorably with data from other sources. The analysis illustrates the potential value of Hyperion (and HSI in general) data to coastal characterization. Future measurement requirements (air borne and space borne) are also discussed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5093, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX, (23 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487621
Show Author Affiliations
Hsiao-hua K. Burke, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Bijoy Misra, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Su May Hsu, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Michael K. Griffin, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Carolyn Upham, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)
Kris Farrar, MIT Lincoln Lab. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5093:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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