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Proceedings Paper

Distributed sensor network for local-area atmospheric modeling
Author(s): Patrick D. French; John S. Lovell; Nelson L. Seaman
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Paper Abstract

In the event of a Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD) chemical or radiological release, quick identification of the nature and source of the release can support efforts to warn, protect and evacuate threatened populations downwind; mitigate the release; provide more accurate plume forecasting; and collect critical transient evidence to help identify the perpetrator(s). Although there are systems available to assist in tracking a WMD release and then predicting where a plume may be traveling, there are no reliable systems available to determine the source location of that release. This would typically require the timely deployment of a remote sensing capability, a grid of expendable air samplers, or a surface sampling plan if the plume has dissipated. Each of these typical solutions has major drawbacks (i.e.: excessive cost, technical feasibility, duration to accomplish, etc...). This paper presents data to support the use of existing rapid-response meteorological modeling coupled with existing transport and diffusion modeling along with a prototype cost-effective situational awareness monitor which would reduce the sensor network requirements while still accomplishing the overall mission of having a 95% probability in converging on a source location within 100 meters.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5090, Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications V, (18 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487369
Show Author Affiliations
Patrick D. French, ADA Technologies, Inc. (United States)
John S. Lovell, ADA Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Nelson L. Seaman, The Pennsylvania State Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5090:
Unattended Ground Sensor Technologies and Applications V
Edward M. Carapezza, Editor(s)

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