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Proceedings Paper

Detection of spectral line curvature in imaging spectrometer data
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Paper Abstract

A procedure has been developed to measure the band-centers and bandwidths for imaging spectrometers using data acquired by the sensor in flight. This is done for each across-track pixel, thus allowing the measurement of the instrument's slit curvature or spectral 'smile'. The procedure uses spectral features present in the at-sensor radiance which are common to all pixels in the scene. These are principally atmospheric absorption lines. The band-center and bandwidth determinations are made by correlating the sensor measured radiance with a modelled radiance, the latter calculated using MODTRAN 4.2. Measurements have been made for a number of instruments including Airborne Visible and Infra-Red Imaging Spectrometer (AVIRIS), SWIR Full Spectrum Imager (SFSI), and Hyperion. The measurements on AVIRIS data were performed as a test of the procedure; since AVIRIS is a whisk-broom scanner it is expected to be free of spectral smile. SFSI is an airborne pushbroom instrument with considerable spectral smile. Hyperion is a satellite pushbroom sensor with a relatively small degree of smile. Measurements of Hyperion were made using three different data sets to check for temporal variations.

Paper Details

Date Published: 23 September 2003
PDF: 11 pages
Proc. SPIE 5093, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX, (23 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.487342
Show Author Affiliations
Robert A. Neville, National Resources Canada (Canada)
Lixin Sun, Dendron Resource Surveys Inc. (Canada)
Karl Staenz, Natural Resources Canada (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5093:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery IX
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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