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Proceedings Paper

Detonation discrimination techniques using a Fourier transform infrared spectrometer system and a near-infrared focal plane array
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Paper Abstract

To investigate the possibility of battlespace characterization, including the ability to classify munitions type and size, experimental data has been collected remotely from ground-based sensors, processed, and analyzed for several conventional munitions. The spectral, temporal and spatial infrared signatures from bomb detonations were simultaneously recorded using a Bomem MR157 Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometer and an Indigo Systems Alpha Near-Infrared camera. Three different high explosive materials at three different quantities each were examined in one series of field studies. The FTIR spectra were recorded at 4 cm-1 spectral resolution and 123-ms temporal resolution using both HgCdTd (500-6000 cm-1) and InSb (1800-6000 cm-1) detectors. Novel key features have been identified that will aid in discriminating various types and sizes of flashes. These features include spectral dependent projections of one event's temporal data onto another event's temporal data, time dependence of the fireball size, ratios of specific integrated bands, and spectral dependence of temporal fit constants. Using Fisher discrimination and principal component techniques these features are projected onto a line that maximizes the differences in the classes of flashes and then identify the Bayesian decision boundaries for classification.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 September 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5075, Targets and Backgrounds IX: Characterization and Representation, (5 September 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.486753
Show Author Affiliations
Anthony N. Dills, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Kevin Gross, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)
Glen P. Perram, Air Force Institute of Technology (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5075:
Targets and Backgrounds IX: Characterization and Representation
Wendell R. Watkins; Dieter Clement; William R. Reynolds, Editor(s)

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