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Proceedings Paper

Bottom antireflective coatings (BARCs) for 157-nm lithography
Author(s): Liu He; Rama Puligadda; Joyce Lowes; Michael D. Rich
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Paper Abstract

The 70-nm technology node is projected to go into manufacturing production by late 2004. The most promising technology for the 70-nm technology node of semiconductor devices is 157-nm lithography. Although advances in developing 157-nm technology have been hampered by greater challenges than originally expected, considerable progress has been made. Great efforts have been made to improve the exposure tool, the laser, the resist materials, the resist processing, the mask materials, and bottom anti-reflective coatings (BARCs). BARCs are essential in achieving the 70-nm-node resolution target by minimizing the substrate reflectivity to less than 1% and planarizing substrates. This paper will describe the various design considerations for a workable 157-nm BARC, including optical constants, thermal stability, photo stability, etch rate and selectivity, resist compatibility, film conformality, coating quality, and lithography profile. It will demonstrate that to maintain less than 1% reflectance for a 157-nm BARC, the value of refractive index n (real) must be from 1.3 to 1.8 and that of k (imaginary) must be from 0.26 to 0.6, determined by Prolith modeling. The refractive index ranges are set as optical constant targets for the design of BARCs formulations. The photoresist profiles from 157-nm lithography utilizing our developed BARCs will also be presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 26 June 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5040, Optical Microlithography XVI, (26 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.485334
Show Author Affiliations
Liu He, Brewer Science, Inc. (United States)
Rama Puligadda, Brewer Science, Inc. (United States)
Joyce Lowes, Brewer Science, Inc. (United States)
Michael D. Rich, Brewer Science, Inc. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5040:
Optical Microlithography XVI
Anthony Yen, Editor(s)

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