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Proceedings Paper

Online ablation measurement for laser material processing and its applications
Author(s): P. Klinger; Gerd Haeusler
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Paper Abstract

In Laser Material Processing, surfaces have to be measured at low apertures within the rough environment generated by the production process. As it is hardly possible to measure the material wear through the plasma at the working zone (at ternperatures above 3000 K), common sensors would have a quite poor performance. The ablation sensor presented in this paper solves that problem by utilising just the plasma spot emitting a signal from which we evaluate the distance between sensor and work piece. The specific features of this sensor are: the measurement is not distorted by coherent noise and is insensitive against the (strongly varying) spot size and shape. Hence, the sensor displays extreme accuracy, even with low aperture and in presence of strong turbulence. The achievable measurement on-line uncertainty within the ablation process is ? = 3 tm using a CO2-Laser. - A demand for even finer structures in laser ablation leads to a change from the Lasercaving process (using a CO2-laser) to an ablation by sublimation (using a Nd:YAG laser). The intention is to decrease the thickness of each ablated layer, and thus, generating finer structures. In order to keep the ablation rates at an economically interesting value, the speed between laser and work piece surface has to be increased. This new ablation process tightens the requirements for the sensor performance, even more. In the paper we will explain the basic ideas of the sensor as well as the technology of implementation and a couple of successful applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 July 2002
PDF: 7 pages
Proc. SPIE 4900, Seventh International Symposium on Laser Metrology Applied to Science, Industry, and Everyday Life, (29 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.484557
Show Author Affiliations
P. Klinger, Friedrich-Alexander Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)
Gerd Haeusler, Friedrich-Alexander Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4900:
Seventh International Symposium on Laser Metrology Applied to Science, Industry, and Everyday Life
Yuri V. Chugui; Sergei N. Bagayev; Albert Weckenmann; P. Herbert Osanna, Editor(s)

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