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Proceedings Paper

Monitoring the integrity of filament-wound structures using built-in sensor networks
Author(s): Mark Lin; Amrita Kumar; Xinlin Qing; Shawn J. Beard; Samuel S. Russell; James L. Walker; Thomas K. Delay
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Paper Abstract

Monitoring the integrity of filament wound composite structures such as solid rocket motors and liquid fuel bottles is important in order to prevent catastrophic failures and to prolong the service life of these structures. To ensure the safety and reliability of rocket components, they require frequent inspection for structural damages that might have occurred during manufacturing, transportation, and storage. The timely and accurate detection, characterization and monitoring of structural cracking, delamination, debonding and other types of damage is a major concern in the operational environment. Utilization of a sensor network system integrated with the structure itself can greatly reduce this inspection burden through fast in-situ data collection and processing. Acellent Technologies, Inc. is currently developing integrated structural monitoring tools for continuous monitoring of composite and metal structures on aircraft and spacecraft. Acellent's integrated structural monitoring system consists of a flexible sensor/actuator network layer called the SMART Layer, supporting diagnostic hardware, and data processing/analysis software. Recently, Acellent has been working with NASA Marshall Space Flight Center to develop ways of embedding the SMART Layer inside filament wound composite bottles. SMART Layers were designed and manufactured for the filament wound bottles and embedded in them during the filament winding process. Acellent has been working on developing a complete structural health monitoring system for the filament wound bottles including data processing tools to interpret the changes in sensor signal caused by changes in the structural condition or material property. A prototype of a filament wound composite bottle with an embedded sensor network has been fabricated and preliminary data analysis tools have been developed.

Paper Details

Date Published: 14 August 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5054, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies, (14 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.483877
Show Author Affiliations
Mark Lin, Acellent Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Amrita Kumar, Acellent Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Xinlin Qing, Acellent Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Shawn J. Beard, Acellent Technologies, Inc. (United States)
Samuel S. Russell, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
James L. Walker, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Thomas K. Delay, NASA Marshall Space Flight Ctr. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5054:
Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Industrial and Commercial Applications of Smart Structures Technologies
Eric H. Anderson, Editor(s)

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