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Proceedings Paper

Application of fiber Bragg grating sensors to real-time strain measurement of cryogenic tanks
Author(s): Nobuo Takeda; Tadahito Mizutani; Kentaro Hayashi; Yoji Okabe
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Paper Abstract

Although many researches of strain measurement using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensors were conducted, there were few applications of FBG sensors to spacecraft in operation. It is very significant to develop an onboard system for the real-time strain measurement during the flight operation. In the present research, the real-time strain measurement of a composite liquid hydrogen (LH2) tank, which consisted of CFRP and aluminum liner, was attempted. Adhesive property of the FBG sensors was investigated first of all. As a result, UV coated FBG sensors and polyurethane adhesive were adopted. Then, reflection spectra from FBG sensors were measured through the tensile test at liquid helium (LHe) temperature. Since the center wavelength shifted in proportion to the applied strain, the FBG sensor was suitable as a precise strain sensor even at LHe temperature. Next, the development of an onboard FBG demodulator was discussed. This onboard demodulator was designed for weight saving to be mounted on a reusable rocket vehicle test (RVT) operated by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS). FBG sensors were bonded on the surface of the composite LH2 tank for the RVT. Then, strain measurement using the onboard demodulator was conducted through the cryogenic pressure test of the tank and compared with the result measured using the optical spectrum analyzer (OSA).

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 August 2003
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 5056, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems, (5 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.483406
Show Author Affiliations
Nobuo Takeda, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Tadahito Mizutani, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Kentaro Hayashi, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)
Yoji Okabe, Univ. of Tokyo (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5056:
Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Smart Structures and Integrated Systems
Amr M. Baz, Editor(s)

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