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Proceedings Paper

Hemodynamic measurements in rat brain combining diffuse near-infrared absorption and correlation spectroscopies
Author(s): Guoqiang Yu; Turgut Durduran; Daisuke Furuya; Joel H. Greenberg; Arjun G. Yodh
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Paper Abstract

Measurement of concentration, oxygenation, and flow characteristics of blood cells can reveal information about tissue metabolism and functional heterogeneity. An instrument has been built that combines two near-infrared diffuse optical techniques to simultaneously monitor blood flow, blood volume and blood oxygen saturation. Diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) monitors blood flow by measuring the optical phase shifts caused by moving blood cells, while diffuse photon density wave (DPDW) spectroscopy measured tissue absorption and scattering. The modularized design of the instrument provides the instrument great flexibility for trading off the temporal, spectral and spatial resolution by selecting the number of source-detector pairs and wavelengths. The frame acquisition rate of the current instrument is 0.2 Hz with 3? (wavelengths) × 15s (source positions) × 4d (detectors) for DPDW measurement in the frequency domain, and 1? × 3s × 9d for DCS. Higher frame acquisition rate could be achieved by reducing the spatial resolution, for example, 2 Hz with 3? × 1s × 4d for DPDW and 1? × 1s × 9d for DCS. The unique non-contact probe mounted on the back of a camera allows non-contact measurement that avoids potentially altering blood flow. We used this instrument to monitor in vivo the hemodynamic responses in rat brain during KCl induced cortical spreading depression (CSD).

Paper Details

Date Published: 12 September 2002
PDF: 8 pages
Proc. SPIE 4916, Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics: Diagnostics and Treatment, (12 September 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.482951
Show Author Affiliations
Guoqiang Yu, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Turgut Durduran, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Daisuke Furuya, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Joel H. Greenberg, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)
Arjun G. Yodh, Univ. of Pennsylvania (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4916:
Optics in Health Care and Biomedical Optics: Diagnostics and Treatment
Britton Chance; Mingzhe Chen; Gilwon Yoon, Editor(s)

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