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Proceedings Paper

Time synchronization algorithms for wireless monitoring system
Author(s): Ying Lei; Anne S. Kiremidjian; K. K. Nair; Jerome Peter Lynch; Kincho H. Law
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Paper Abstract

Wireless health monitoring schemes are innovative techniques, which effectively remove the disadvantages associated with current wire-based sensing systems, i.e., high installation and upkeep costs. However, recorded data sets may have relative time-delays due to the blockage of sensors or inherent internal clock errors. In this paper, two algorithms are proposed for the synchronization of the recorded asynchronous data measured from sensing units of a wireless monitoring system. In the first algorithm, the input signal to a structure is measured. Time-delay between an output measurement and the input is identified based on the minimization of errors of the ARX (auto-regressive model with exogenous input) models for the input-output pair recordings. The second algorithm is applicable when a structure is subject to ambient excitation and only output measurements are available. ARMAV (auto-regressive moving average vector) models are constructed from two output signals and the time-delay between them is evaluated based on the minimization of errors of the ARMAV models. The proposed algorithms are verified by simulation data and recorded seismic response data from multi-story buildings.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 August 2003
PDF: 10 pages
Proc. SPIE 5057, Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Smart Systems and Nondestructive Evaluation for Civil Infrastructures, (18 August 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.482771
Show Author Affiliations
Ying Lei, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Anne S. Kiremidjian, Stanford Univ. (United States)
K. K. Nair, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Jerome Peter Lynch, Stanford Univ. (United States)
Kincho H. Law, Stanford Univ. (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5057:
Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Smart Systems and Nondestructive Evaluation for Civil Infrastructures
Shih-Chi Liu, Editor(s)

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