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Proceedings Paper

Validation and robustness of an atmospheric correction algorithm for hyperspectral images
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Paper Abstract

The Optics Department of ONERA has developed and implemented an inverse algorithm, COSHISE, to correct hyperspectral images of the atmosphere effects in the visible-NIR-SWIR domain (0,4-2,5 micrometers ). This algorithm automatically determine the integrated water-vapor content for each pixel, from the radiance at sensor level by using a LIRR-type (Linear Regression Ratio) technique. It then retrieves the spectral reflectance at ground level using atmospheric parameters computed with Modtran4, included the water-vapor spatial dependence as obtained in the first stop. The adjacency effects are taken into account using spectral kernels obtained by two Monte-Carlo codes. Results obtained with COCHISE code on real hyperspectral data are first compared to ground based reflectance measurements. AVIRIS images of Railroad Valley Playa, CA, and HyMap images of Hartheim, France, are use. The inverted reflectance agrees perfectly with the measurement at ground level for the AVIRIS data set, which validates COCHISE algorithm/ for the HyMap data set, the results are still good but cannot be considered as validating the code. The robustness of COCHISE code is evaluated. For this, spectral radiance images are modeled at the sensor level, with the direct algorithm COMANCHE, which is the reciprocal code of COCHISE. The COCHISE algorithm is then used to compute the reflectance at ground level from the simulated at-sensor radiance. A sensitivity analysis has been performed, as a function of errors on several atmospheric parameter and instruments defaults, by comparing the retrieved reflectance with the original one. COCHISE code shows a quite good robustness to errors on input parameter, except for aerosol type.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 August 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4725, Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VIII, (2 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.478779
Show Author Affiliations
Yannick Boucher, ONERA (France)
Laurent Poutier, ONERA (France)
Veronique Achard, ONERA (France)
Xavier Lenot, ONERA (France)
Christophe Miesch, ONERA (France)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4725:
Algorithms and Technologies for Multispectral, Hyperspectral, and Ultraspectral Imagery VIII
Sylvia S. Shen; Paul E. Lewis, Editor(s)

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