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Proceedings Paper

Robust video communication by combining scalability and multiple description coding techniques
Author(s): Huisheng Wang; Antonio Ortega
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Paper Abstract

Layered coding (LC) and multiple description coding (MDC) have been proposed as two different kinds of 'quality adaptation' schemes for video delivery over the current Internet or wireless networks. To combine the advantages of LC and MDC, we present a new approach -- Multiple Description Layered Coding (MDLC), to provide reliable video communication over a wider range of network scenarios and application requirements. MDLC improves LC in that it introduces redundancy in each layer so that the chance of receiving at least one description of base layer is greatly enhanced. Though LC and MDC are each good in limit cases (e.g., long end-to-end delay for LC vs. short delay for MDC), the proposed MDLC system can address intermediate cases as well. Same as a LC system with retransmission, the MDLC system can have a feedback channel to indicate which descriptions have been correctly received. Thus a low redundancy MDLC system can be implemented with our proposed runtime packet scheduling system based on the feedback information. The goal of our scheduling algorithm is to find a proper on-line packet scheduling policy to maximize the playback quality at the decoder. Previous work on scheduling algorithms has not considered multiple decoding choices due to the redundancy between data units, because of the increase in complexity involved in considering alternate decoding paths. In this paper, we introduce a new model of Directed Acyclic HyperGraph (DAHG) to represent the data dependencies among frames and layers, as well as the data correlation between descriptions. The impact of each data unit to others is represented by messages passing along the graph with updates based on new information received. Experimental results show that the proposed system provides more robust and efficient video communication for real-time applications over lossy packet networks.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 May 2003
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 5022, Image and Video Communications and Processing 2003, (7 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.476503
Show Author Affiliations
Huisheng Wang, Univ. of Southern California (United States)
Antonio Ortega, Univ. of Southern California (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5022:
Image and Video Communications and Processing 2003
Bhaskaran Vasudev; T. Russell Hsing; Andrew G. Tescher; Touradj Ebrahimi, Editor(s)

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