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Proceedings Paper

Micromachined cochlear-like acoustic sensor
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Paper Abstract

The mammalian cochlea achieves remarkable acoustic transduction characteristics in a compact and robust design. For this reason, its mechanics have been extensively studied, both mathematically and experimentally. Recently, a number of researchers have attempted to mimic the cochlear function of the basilar membrane in micromachined mechanical devices. This paper presents a design for a silicon cochlea which extends previous work by utilizing a micromachined liquid-filled two duct structure similar to the duct structure of the biological cochlea. Design issues related to both mechanical structure and electrical transduction will be discussed, particularly with regard to optimization of transducer performance. A parallel beam array structure is proposed as a model for an orthotropic membrane. Fabrication procedures and results are also presented. Challenging Fabrication issues related to through-wafer etching, adhesive wafer bonding, device release, and fluid injection are emphasized.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 July 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4700, Smart Structures and Materials 2002: Smart Electronics, MEMS, and Nanotechnology, (11 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.475020
Show Author Affiliations
Robert D. White, Univ. of Michigan (United States)
Karl Grosh, Univ. of Michigan (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4700:
Smart Structures and Materials 2002: Smart Electronics, MEMS, and Nanotechnology
Vijay K. Varadan, Editor(s)

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