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Proceedings Paper

Automated comparison of striation marks with the system GE/2
Author(s): Michael Heizmann
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Paper Abstract

In this paper, the newly developed system GE/2 for the automated identification of toolmarks and firearms is presented. It is based on a signal processing strategy that enables an automated evaluation of pictures taken from striation patterns. To this end, a signal model is introduced which is suitable to describe the characteristics of groove textures. To obtain high quality data, a powerful imaging approach is presented. The underlying strategy, which is based on fusion techniques, is applicable to both illumination problems and focusing issues. To ensure a high reliability in the automated comparison, characteristic features, which are called signatures, are required. To this end, a newly developed strategy is proposed to straighten curved grooves by means of the signal model mentioned above. Based on the signatures obtained, an automated comparison on the basis of correlation techniques is applied. As a result, the marks in question are sorted in a descending order with respect to the detected similarity. Finally, the realized system GE/2 is presented, consisting of the Image Acquisition Station and a computer to perform the processing of the data. A benchmarking test is applied to the system GE/2, which proves its high qualification for forensic applications.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 July 2002
PDF: 12 pages
Proc. SPIE 4709, Investigative Image Processing II, (19 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.474728
Show Author Affiliations
Michael Heizmann, Univ. Karlsruhe (Germany)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4709:
Investigative Image Processing II
Zeno J. Geradts; Lenny I. Rudin, Editor(s)

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