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Proceedings Paper

Comparison of stereoscopic and nonstereoscopic video images for visual telephone systems
Author(s): Wa James Tam; Andre Vincent; Ronald Renaud; Phil Blanchfield; Taali Martin
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Paper Abstract

Possible differences in perceptual qualities between stereoscopic and non-stereoscopic images were investigated using a field-sequential stereoscopic display. A total of forty non-expert viewers were asked to rate overall image quality, sharpness and sense of presence using the double-stimulus continuous quality scale (ITU-R Recommendation 500). Viewers rated a set of five video sequences (stereoscopic and non-stereoscopic) each presented at four levels of image quality that were obtained by varying the quantization level (Q=0, 32, 36, and 39) of a generic H.264 video compression codec. Each sequence was 8 seconds long at 30 frames per second and the spatial resolution of each frame was common image format (CIF, 352 x 240 pixels). Image size was 15.5 cm x 11.6 cm and scene contents were representative of visual telephone systems with one, two or three individuals. The experimental results showed that viewers' ratings depended on the sequences and that there was no reliable difference between stereoscopic and non-stereoscopic sequences in terms of image quality and perceived sharpness. However, binocular disparity tended to improve ratings of sense of presence. We conclude that incorporating stereoscopic information into visual telephone systems can be useful for enhancing sense of presence.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 May 2003
PDF: 9 pages
Proc. SPIE 5006, Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems X, (30 May 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.474108
Show Author Affiliations
Wa James Tam, Communications Research Ctr. Canada (Canada)
Andre Vincent, Communications Research Ctr. Canada (Canada)
Ronald Renaud, Communications Research Ctr. Canada (Canada)
Phil Blanchfield, Communications Research Ctr. Canada (Canada)
Taali Martin, Communications Research Ctr. Canada (Canada)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5006:
Stereoscopic Displays and Virtual Reality Systems X
Andrew J. Woods; Mark T. Bolas; John O. Merritt; Stephen A. Benton, Editor(s)

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