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Proceedings Paper

Staircase illusion: Does a computer see the staircase as a human sees it?
Author(s): Satoshi Ina; Koichi Tabata
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Paper Abstract

The staircase illusion, in which many staircase-like planes appear when a dot matrix pattern is tilted in depth and observed binocularly from the horizontal direction, is a visual phenomenon ever known in the field of psychology/psychophysics on binocular vision. We studied and formulated the mechanism that generated the phenomenon, and could visualize the whole shape of 3D staircases through a binocular vision model in computer. Our formulation was carried out, based on a hypothesis called "the nearest-neighbor rule." Moreover, we found two types of new staircase illusions induced by a vertical square-wave gratings pattern tilted around horizontal/vertical axis. One is a round-edged staircase illusion, and the other is a vertical strip type staircase illusion. We also constructed a new binocular vision model to formulate the mechanism, adopting the concept of horizontal horopter, and applied it into these new phenomena, and succeeded to visualize the whole shape of their 3D structures. Our computed and visualized results were very similar to those ones human observed in the real world. Our computer model not only verified the results of psychophysical experiments but also showed the possibility to discover/forecast new unknown phenomena that have not ever been referred in previous psychological trials.

Paper Details

Date Published: 17 June 2003
PDF: 14 pages
Proc. SPIE 5007, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VIII, (17 June 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.473892
Show Author Affiliations
Satoshi Ina, Tsukuba College of Technology (Japan)
Koichi Tabata, Univ. of Library and Information Science (Japan)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 5007:
Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VIII
Bernice E. Rogowitz; Thrasyvoulos N. Pappas, Editor(s)

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