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Proceedings Paper

Polarization reversal in antiferroelectric liquid crystals
Author(s): F. Goc; Wojciech Kuczynski
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Paper Abstract

We studied the change in polarization direction during field reversal in binary mixtures possessing antiferroelectric phase. Due to the coupling of the electric field with the spontaneous polarization of each smectic layer, the transition from antiferroelectric to the ferroelectric phase was induced. This transition was accompanied by changes in optical properties. Both three-state and V-shaped switching was observed. After removing the field, the sample transformed back to the antiferroelectric state. We have found that in some cases, the kinetics of this transition was very slow its time constant ranged from minutes to days, depending on temperature. In the same mixtures, we observed a large thermal hysteresis of the phase transition between the ferroelectric and antiferroelectric phases. We argue that all three phenomena: V-shaped antiferroelectric interactions acting between smectic layers are of comparable strength. We compare our results with the existing models of V-shaped switching and propose a modification of the models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 June 2002
PDF: 5 pages
Proc. SPIE 4759, XIV Conference on Liquid Crystals: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications, (27 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.472134
Show Author Affiliations
F. Goc, Institute of Molecular Physics (Poland)
Wojciech Kuczynski, Institute of Molecular Physics (Poland)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4759:
XIV Conference on Liquid Crystals: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications
Jolanta Rutkowska; Stanislaw J. Klosowicz; Jerzy Zielinski, Editor(s)

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