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Proceedings Paper

Biomedical applications of radiative decay engineering
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Paper Abstract

Fluorescence spectroscopy is a widely used research tool in biochemistry and has also become the dominant method enabling the revolution in medical diagnostics, DNA sequencing and genomics. In this forward-looking article we describe a new opportunity in fluorescence, radiative decay engineering (RDE). By RDE we mean modifying the emission of fluorophores or chromophores by a nearby metallic surface, the most important effect being an increase in the radiative decay rate. We describe the usual effects expected form increase in the radiative rates with reference to the biomedical applications of immunoassay and DNA hybridization. We also present experiments which show that metallic particles can increase the quantum yield of low quantum yield fluorophores, increase fluorophore photostability and increase the distance for resonance energy transfer. And finally we show that proximity to silver particles can increase the intensity of the intrinsic fluorescence from DNA.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 June 2002
PDF: 13 pages
Proc. SPIE 4626, Biomedical Nanotechnology Architectures and Applications, (21 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.472114
Show Author Affiliations
Joseph R. Lakowicz, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore (United States)
Ignacy Gryczynski, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore (United States)
Joanna Malicka, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore (United States)
Yibing Shen, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore (United States)
Zygmunt Gryczynski, Univ. of Maryland/Baltimore (United States)

Published in SPIE Proceedings Vol. 4626:
Biomedical Nanotechnology Architectures and Applications
Raymond P. Mariella Jr.; Michelle Palmer; Darryl J. Bornhop; Darryl J. Bornhop; Ramesh Raghavachari; Shuming Nie; Ramesh Raghavachari; Catherine J. Murphy; David A. Dunn; David A. Dunn; Raymond P. Mariella Jr.; Catherine J. Murphy; Dan V. Nicolau; Shuming Nie; Michelle Palmer; Ramesh Raghavachari, Editor(s)

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